Journalist Hasan Cemal faces 8 years in prison on Erdoğan insult charges

Veteran journalist Hasan Cemal is facing eight years in prison charges of insulting Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan for two tweets he posted in 2016 and 2020, the T24 news website reported on Friday.

The first tweet mentioned in the indictment was shared four days after a controversial coup attempt in Turkey on July 15, 2016. In the tweet Cemal had said, “The criterion for being a democrat is not only to stand against a military coup. It is also to say no to a deepening ‘ERDOĞAN COUP’.”

The second tweet referenced in the indictment is a comment on an opinion piece by Professor Murat Belge titled “The Caliphate.” Sharing the link to the piece, Cemal had said, “If the caliphate is to return, I suppose the caliph will be Tayyip Erdoğan.”

In his first testimony in October, Cemal, who writes for T24, said the tweets do not contain any insults and that he was exercising his right to freedom of expression.

In addition to a prison sentence, the prosecutor also demanded a ban on certain civil rights including voting and running for office.

Insulting the president is subject to criminal charges under the controversial Article 299 of the Turkish Penal Code (TCK), and thousands of people in the country are under investigation, with most of them facing the threat of imprisonment over alleged insults of Erdoğan. Whoever insults the president can face up to four years in prison, a sentence that can be increased if the crime was committed through the mass media.

The insult cases generally stem from social media posts shared by Erdoğan opponents. The Turkish police and judiciary perceive even the most minor criticism of Erdoğan or his government as an insult.

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