The Kafkaesque case of a visual Turkish journalist: Don’t forget Fevzi!

On the occasion of May 3, World Press Freedom Day, Can Bahadır Yüce, a poet, academic and journalist, has written an article for English PEN about Fevzi Yazıcı, art director of the now-closed Zaman daily who was convicted and sentenced to aggravated life in prison in February along with five other journalists on charges of attempting to destroy the constitutional order.

Yazıcı, a Turkish member of the US-based international Society for News Design (SND), is among dozens of journalists who were jailed shortly after a failed coup attempt in Turkey on July 15, 2016.

Turkey is the biggest jailer of journalists in the world. The most recent figures documented by SCF show that 254 journalists and media workers were in jail as of May 3, 2018, most in pretrial detention. Of those in prison 192 were under arrest pending trial while only 62 journalists have been convicted and are serving their time. Detention warrants are outstanding for 142 journalists who are living in exile or remain at large in Turkey.

Detaining tens of thousands of people over alleged links to the Gülen movement, the government also closed down about 200 media outlets, including Kurdish TVs and papers, after a coup attempt in Turkey on July 15, 2016.

In his article Yüce calls on everyone not to forget Yazıcı and many other unfairly accused journalists in Turkish prisons.

The full text of Yüce’s article is as follows:

In the arduous and troubled history of Turkish democracy, there is no scarcity of absurd charges against intellectuals. From the late Ottoman era to modern times, dozens of writers, artists, and journalists have been punished by exile or imprisonment, even by death (as in the case of the author Sabahattin Ali) for expressing their opinions.

Regrettably, the tradition of oppressing the dissident has not come to an end in Turkey. On the contrary, what we have witnessed in the past couple of years is one of the darkest chapters of the country’s history.  The Turkish state has presented absurd, even laughable charges in an attempt to silence journalists. We have seen several ridiculous accusations against writers and journalists, from the trial of Cumhuriyet staff to the case of Altan Brothers. But, among all indictments, probably the most absurd and nonsensical is that filed against Fevzi Yazıcı.

An award-winning visual journalist and the former art director of Zaman newspaper, Fevzi Yazıcı has been in jail since July 2016. After several months of waiting, he was put on trial earlier this year. The verdict was three consecutive life sentences. His crime? ‘Attempting to overthrow the constitutional order’ by attending a meeting regarding a newspaper advertisement which allegedly hinted at or encouraged the notorious July 2016 coup attempt.

Remembering the gloomy epochs of Turkish history, people tend to think of poets and writers as victims of political repression. However, visual artists have often faced oppression as well. Most famously, Abidin Dino, a prominent Turkish painter, was forced into in exile. I see Fevzi Yazıcı and Zehra Doğan, another journalist and painter who is currently in prison, as successors of this tradition.

Fevzi is a world-class designer with a number of awards and achievements. In a biographical note, he recalls how he fell for visual arts at an early age: ‘I have been drawing and designing since I knew myself. I began by drawing in the margins of my older siblings’ notebooks. After college, my passion reached another level.’ After attending a prominent art school in Istanbul, he studied in the United States for three years. Upon his return to Turkey, Fevzi became one of the most successful visual journalists in the country.

Fevzi Yazıcı’s work as a visual journalist has been the gold standard. His artistic approach at Yeni Yüzyıl daily and later at Zaman changed many habits in the Turkish print media, which had largely been a parade of tasteless front pages regarding design. Fevzi successfully combined critical journalism with the art of design. It is not a coincidence that Zaman was a recipient of Society of News Design (SDN) awards for thirteen years in a row. In 2015, Fevzi was also honored by being a member of the SDN jury.

Now, Fevzi Yazıcı is serving his sentence in solitary confinement at Istanbul’s Silivri Penitentiary, the notorious prison that currently hosts many fellow journalists. At the age of 46, Fevzi spends the time that might have been his most productive in a cell, alone. Even seeing a doctor is a big challenge for him. While mafia leaders, rapists, and terrorists walk freely from Turkish courts, Fevzi is denied his freedom and basic human rights.

Yet he is not pessimistic. He keeps himself busy in jail thinking about journalism, art, and his craft. It is the way that he seems to respond to the injustice: by sticking to his art. His drawings and writings from prison have occasionally been published as ‘Free Notes of a Prisoner.’ Even in solitary confinement, he shows his hunger for life. Despite facing aggravated lifelong imprisonment, Fevzi’s eagerness to persist makes me think of Rilke’s poem:

But this / having been once, though only once, / having been once on earth — can it ever be cancelled?

In a recent piece, Fevzi describes the Kafkaesque circumstances of his trial to make us visualise the courtroom: ‘Please try to imagine it. As a defendant, your place is in the lowest part of the courtroom. Except for you, everyone is on elevated ground. The defence lawyers on the right and even the lawyers for the co-plaintiffs on the left look down on you. Yet it is possible to ignore their elevated positions. The positions of the judge and the prosecutor on the opposite sides of you are extremely exaggerated. If the defendants are on the ground, they are above the clouds. What is missing between the defendants and the panel of judges is a ditch filled with crocodiles!’

Fevzi is in prison because he believes that the definition of journalism is telling the truth at all costs. This is the price he pays: now, his two young sons are waiting to see their father again. As Oscar Wilde would remind us, unjust imprisonment for a noble cause strengthens as well as deepens the nature of a person. I believe someday Fevzi will be free and stronger than ever.

On World  Press Freedom Day, please do not forget Fevzi Yazıcı and the many other unfairly accused journalists in Turkish prisons.

Fevzi concludes his last letter to the free world by urging the authorities: ‘Let this country’s artists and journalists be!’

The echo of his words sums up the darkness and despair of our time.” (

* Can Bahadır Yüce is a poet, academic, and journalist. He lives in the United States.

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