The Turkish government has transferred some TL 49,4 billion ($11 billion) in assets of 1,124 companies seized for alleged affiliation with the Gülen movement to a special fund under a crackdown that began following a controversial coup attempt on July 15, 2016, said a survey conducted by Brussels-based The Arrested Lawyers Initiative.
According to the survey, which was published by European Interest, at least 850 of the companies were seized by the government since the coup bid and have now are controlled by the Savings Deposit Insurance Fund (TMSF).
The survey said that as of June 4, 2018 the TMSF controls 1,124 seized companies and also the personal assets of 127 individuals. Among the companies are Boydak Holding, which has 34 subsidiaries including the Bellona and İstikbal furniture makers and retailers, with 1,240 retail stores. Boydak employs 13,000 people and indirectly creates 110,000 jobs, the survey said.
The names of other seized major Turkish companies cited in the survey include Koza, Dumankaya, Akfa, Orkide, Sesli and Naksan
Turkey has seized the companies under presidential decrees, and their owners had no judicial recourse. The proprietors are allegedly members of the Gülen movement. Trustees have been appointed to run the companies against their shareholders’ wishes.
The companies are active in all areas of business and trade including investment, mining, petrol distribution, automotive, auto-gas, energy, transportation, food, agriculture, home textiles, furniture, jewellery, pharmaceuticals, law and IT, said the survey.
The value of the assets seized does not include those of 127 individuals, 19 unions, 15 private universities, 49 hospitals, 145 foundations, 174 media outlets, 1,419 foundations and another 2,271 education companies, it said. The total value of all assets confiscated could total TL 100 billion, added the survey.
According to the survey, at the very beginning of a state of emergency (OHAL) declared on July 23, 2016 in the aftermath of the coup bid, 934 private schools, 109 dormitories, 35 hospitals, 15 private universities, 16 unions, 104 foundations and 1,125 associations were dissolved and all their assets including real estate, chattel goods, bank accounts, intellectual property and other financial assets were transferred to the public treasury. As of June 4, at least 4,100 profit-oriented or non-profit legal entities had been dissolved, and their assets were confiscated under decree laws without any judicial procedure.
“This arbitrary violation of rights to property has a devastating effect on a county’s prospects for economic development,” the survey stated and added that “Insecurity among investors, domestic or otherwise, as to their investments often result in serious economic crises in countries like Turkey which is heavily dependent on foreign investments and consequently impoverish not only dissidents but also supporters of their respective regimes.”
The survey stated that the first victim of the widespread seizing practises was Koza İpek Holding, a conglomerate of 22 companies, including a media group with two TV channels and two daily newspapers. “The holding was seized by [the] Erdoğan Regime on October 26, 2015 and the management of all of its enterprises [was] given to a pro-government trustee board.”
“1,124 companies [have been] transferred to the TMSF since July 15, 2016. According to our survey, at least 850 of them were seized after the failed coup attempt. These 1,124 separate companies are running thousands of branches. For instance, Suvari Giyim Co (clothing company) seized by the decision of an Adana Peace Criminal Judge has 148 branches in 14 different countries; Boydak Holding seized by decision of Kayseri Peace Criminal Judge is running 34 separate companies; only 2 of its 34 companies, Bellona and İstikbal have 1,240 furniture (franchise) stores across the world. Boydak Holding employs 13,000 workers and creates (indirectly) 110,000 jobs,” said the survey by The Arrested Lawyers Initiative.